CRP: C-reactive protein (CRP) is virtually absent from the blood of healthy persons but increases dramatically in response to infection or inflammation. The measurement of CRP in the blood is valuable in detecting inflammation due to acute conditions, or in monitoring disease activity in chronic conditions.
D-Dimer: D-Dimer is a fibrin degradation product present in the bloodstream after a blood clot is degraded by fibrinolysis. D-Dimer levels are typically elevated in patients with acute thrombotic disease (e.g. deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism).
cTnI: Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is released into the blood stream within hours following acute myocardial infarctions (AMI) or ischemic damage. Elevated levels of cTnI are detectable in blood within 4 to 6 hours after the onset of chest pain.
TSH: TSH is a hormone produced in the pituitary gland, which stimulates the production of T4 and T3 thyroid hormones that regulate many metabolic processes in the body. Precise determination of TSH concentration allows the detection of aberrations of thyroid function.
hCG: Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a glycoprotein hormone secreted by the syncytiotrophoblast cells of the placenta. HCG has several other functions such as promoting fetal growth and feto-maternal blood circulation, and controls uterine growth so that it is in-line with the growth of the fetus.
mALB: Microalbuminuria is the sustained increase in albumin concentration in the urine, which is an early sign of kidney damage. Under normal conditions albumin is retained by the glomerular filtration barrier. Due to kidney damage the permeability changes and albumin appears in the urine.
HbA1c: HbA1c is the glycated form of hemoglobin, and its amount is proportional to the average blood glucose concentration over the previous 90 - 120 days. The measurement of HbA1c is primarily used for glycemic control in diabetics and for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus.
- POCT environment
- Emergency department
- General practice
- Invasive cardiology
- Smaller laboratories